Noun



Nouns : English Grammar

किसी व्यक्ति, वस्तु, स्थान, गुण, कार्य या अवस्था के नाम को Noun (संज्ञा) कहा जाता है।

A Noun is a word used as a name of a person, place or thing.

Noun पाँच प्रकार के होते हैंः

1. Proper Noun (व्यक्तिवाचक)

2. Common Noun (जातिवाचक)

3. Collective Noun (समूहवाचक)

4. Material Noun (द्रव्यवाचक)

5. Abstract Noun (भाववाचक)

Proper Noun (व्यक्तिवाचक)

Proper noun से हमारा तात्पर्य किसी व्यक्ति, वस्तु और स्थान के नाम से होता है |

For example: Govind, Delhi, Gita etc.

(a) Animesh is my friend.

(b) I live in Delhi.

Collective Noun (समूहवाचक)

जिस Noun से समूह का बोध होता है उसे Collective Noun (समूहवाचक संज्ञा) कहते है | Example : Team, Committee, Army etc.

(a) According to the boy, the nearest town is very far.

(b) The boys are going to the nearest village.

Proper Noun (व्यक्तिवाचक)

जिस Noun से समूह का बोध होता है उसे Collective Noun (समूहवाचक संज्ञा) कहते है | Example : Team, Committee, Army etc.

सामान्यतः Collective Noun (समूहवाचक संज्ञा) का प्रयोग Singular में होता है| इनका प्रयोग Plural में तभी किया जाता है जब मतभेद दर्शाया जाये या प्रत्येक सदस्य के बारे में कुछ कहा जाये |

The flock of geese spends most of its time in the pasture.

The jury is deciding the matter.

The committee meets every week.

ऊपर के तीनो ही वाक्यों में Singular Verb का Use हुआ है क्युकी Flock, Jury और Committee तीनो ही Collective Noun है |

The team are divided over the issue of captainship.

The audience have taken their seats.

Predicate Nouns : Nouns that follow linking verbs are known as predicate nouns (sometimes known as predicative nouns). These serve to rename or re-identify the subject. If the noun is accompanied by any direct modifiers (such as articles, adjectives, or prepositional phrases), the entire noun phrase acts predicatively.
For example:
• “Love is a virtue.” (The noun phrase a virtue follows the linking verb is to
rename the subject love.)
• “Tommy seems like a real bully.” (The noun phrase a real bully follows the
linking verb seems to rename the subject Tommy.)
• “Maybe this is a blessing in disguise.” (The noun phrase a blessing in disguise
follows the linking verb is to rename the subject this.)
(Go to the section on Subject Complements in the part of the guide that covers
Syntax to learn more about predicate nouns.)